Friday, August 10, 2012

The human body

In the Nath Tradition the human body called vyashti-pinda or prakriti-pinda. The term "vyaṣṭi" means the  individuality, a part of the whole. The word "piṇḍa" means a sphere, an aggregation of something that forms a one mass. It's like a system consists of many different parts all of which are important and connected to each other. The human body as individual body is described by Gorakshanath as a pinda consisting of various parts:

  • bhuta-pinda or physical body, composed of five elements (bhuta) - earth (pṛthvī), water (apas/jala), fire (agni), air (vāyu) and ether (ākāśa)
  • antahkarana or mental body. Antahkarana is the inner instrument of Atman for the self-knowledge and it's consists of manas (empirical mind, receiving the information from the sense organs), ahamkara (ego, that identify itself with actor, personality), buddhi (differentiating mind that can take a decision) and, in the philosophy of Gorakhnath, chitta and chaitanya (that means intellect/memory and consciousness respectively)